Baltimore Eye Care Specialists in Ophthalmology

Baltimore Washington Eye Center, Maryland

Thursday, August 9, 2012

Baltimore Eye Care Specialists in Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology and eye care specialties require a number of different kinds of eye doctors who are specialists. Did you know that there are many different types of eye doctors? Every day I refer patients to different eye specialist. There are certain eye conditions or infections that may require a referral to a sub-specialist eye doctor. 

There are many different structures to the eye and different types of visual problems. Therefore there have been sub-specialties created to manage and treat these particular patients. In ophthalmology there are specialties in refractive surgery, retina, glaucoma, oculoplastics, cornea, pediatric/strabismus, neuro-ophthalmology, uveitis, and ocular oncology. In optometry, specialties consist of low vision, vision rehabilitation, sports vision, pediatrics, vision therapy and contact lenses. We offer a wide variety of services here at the Baltimore Washington Eye Center for your care and convenience. 

A Refractive Surgery Specialist is an eye doctor that cares for patients that do not want to wear glasses and would like corrective eye surgery for vision. They perform LASIK, PRK or clear lens implantation. LASIK and PRK are laser surgery procedures that correct vision for myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Clear lens implantation is the removal of the actual lens of the eye, which is then replaced by a plastic lens to correct vision. 

A Retina Specialist is an eye doctor that manages and treats retinal diseases. The retina is tissue lining the back of the eye. The retina is where light is processed and sent to the brain. A retina specialists treats eye diseases for Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Diabetic Retinopathy, retinal holes, retinal tears, retinal detachments, and retinal scarring. A retina specialist will do eye surgery and injections to the eye when damage is irreparable or to prevent further vision loss. 

A Cornea Specialist is an eye doctor specializing in corneal eye disease and infections. The cornea is the clear structure that sits in front of the iris or colored part of our eye. Many of my patients I send to a cornea specialist are patients with corneal eye infections secondary to contact lens over wear, herpes simplex, Fuch’s corneal dystrophy, or an epithelial basement membrane disease (this is a disruption of the layers in the cornea). Cornea specialists will take cultures of the infected area to identify the bacteria or virus causing the infection and place patient on medications. Cornea specialists perform surgery on the cornea for any condition warranting treatment. 

A Glaucoma Specialist is an eye doctor that treats and manages glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye disease that is the leading cause of blindness in African-Americans in the United States and is the 2nd leading causing of blindness worldwide. Glaucoma affects the optic nerve of the eye. The optic nerve is the structure where all the seeing fibers of the retina come together to form a connection to the brain. Glaucoma specialists manage patients with drops and surgery. 

An Oculoplastics Specialist is an eye doctor who is the cosmetic surgeon of eyes. They deal with eyelids, the orbit (is the bony structure which the eyeball sits in), tear ducts, and face. They will do surgery on eyelids that are droopy, turning in or out, blocked tear ducts, enucleation of the eye (the complete removal of the eyeball from the socket or orbit), orbital reconstruction, Botox injections, sty removal, skin tag removal and fat removal. 

A Pediatric Specialist is will diagnose and treat children including strabismus and amblyopia. Strabismus is an eye problem related to the muscles of the eye and is another term for an eye turn. An eye turn is an eye that is not aligned straight with the other eye, it can turn in, out, up, down, or diagonal. Six muscles are attached to the eyeball-these muscles are what control the eyes alignment. A strabismus surgeon will do surgery on the muscles of the eye, to help them straighten out. 

A Uveitis Specialist is an eye doctor who deals with inflammation in the eye. Inflammation is the body’s way to deal with harmful stimuli. Patients who see a rheumatologist are more susceptible to have inflammation in the eye. Patients with diseases such as Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Lupus, Sarcoid, Lyme Disease and many other inflammatory conditions. 

A Neuro-Ophthalmologist is an eye doctor which deals with eye problems related to the nervous system of the eye. There are 6 nerves that innervate the eye. The Neuro-ophthalmologist monitors patients with Multiple Sclerosis, elevated intracranial pressure, double vision, stroke, brain tumor, optic neuritis, optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, papilledema and myasthenia gravis. 

An Ocular Oncologist is an eye specialist who deals with cancer of the eye. The most common tumor in children is retinoblastoma that usually presents by the age of 2. The most common tumor in an adult is a melanoma. Cancerous growths can occur around the eyelids these are basal cell carcinoma, squamous carcinoma, and sebaceous carcinoma

Guest Blogger: Asifa Shafi, O.D., M.S. with the Baltimore Washington Eye Center 

If you or someone you would like to learn more about ophthalmology specialists you should feel free to call Baltimore Washington Eye Center at 800-495-3937, visit Baltimore Washington Eye Center or

Baltimore Washington Eye Center is a leading eye care practice serving the greater Baltimore and Washington, D.C. area staffed by a team of Ophthalmologists, Optometrists, Opticians, technical and administrative staff who provide eye examinations for adults and children, diagnosis and treatment of cataracts including cataract surgery and intraocular lens implants (IOL), laser vision correction such as LASIK, diagnosis and treatment of cornea disease, care for diseases of the retina including diabetes and age related macular degeneration (AMD) and diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma as well as contact lenses, eyeglasses, eyewear and optical services. Baltimore Washington Eye Center is conveniently located for patients from Arbutus, Carney, Clarksville, Columbia, Dundalk, Edgemere, Essex, Ellicott City, Ferndale, Glen Burnie, Kenwood, Laurel, Linthicum, Lutherville, Millersville, Odenton Owings Mills, Reisterstown, Towson, Parkville, Randallstown, Rivera Beach, Pasadena, Severna Park, South Gate and Woodlawn Maryland.